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Which Is The Right Career Option – Civil Engineering Or Mechanical Engineering?

Many young students want to pursue an engineering career. Some want to become a civil engineer and construct buildings & bridges, while others have deep interest in machines and want to build a career as the mechanical engineer. However, at a young age, especially in a high school, most of them are still not aware about the actual jobs which these engineers are doing. This article will guide young aspiring engineers so that they can know which engineering field they should tread.

Civil engineering= As the job profile itself connotes, civil engineers are involved in planning, designing, constructing and maintenance of different buildings, roads, structures, dams and other formations. They not only create buildings, but they also ensure that every project which they handle is safe. There are various sub-fields in civil engineering, including environmental, coastal, transportation, construction, water resources, surveying, material engineering and structural engineering.

Mechanical engineering= Mechanical engineers need to deal with different concepts, like mechanics, robotics, fluid mechanics, kinematics, etc. Mechanical engineers also play a crucial role in the development of different engines, power plant equipment, heating and cooling systems.

Requisite education

1= Civil engineering=> There are two options available to you. Either you can go in for three years diploma course after your Class 10th or you can take up an engineering degree course after Class 12th. In order to become eligible for the degree program, you should secure at least 60% in Class 12th with Physics, Chemistry and Maths (PCM) as main subjects. Those who are interested in higher studies can go for the postgraduate course. Top colleges offering civil engineering education in India are-

1= All IITs

2= All NIITs

3= Birla Institute of Technology and Science

4= Delhi Technological University

5= Malaviya National Institute of Technology

6= Coimbatore Institute of Technology (CIT)

7= BMS College of Engineering

8= Sardar Patel College of Engineering

2= Mechanical engineering=> To study mechanical engineering, you should pass your Class 12th with Physics, Chemistry and Maths (PCM) as core subjects. There are various engineering colleges in India, which are offering B.E/B.Tech mechanical engineering education. To get an admission in a good engineering college, you need to clear the entrance examinations like Joint Entrance Examination and All-India Engineering Entrance Exam (AIEEE). You can also opt for the diploma course after your class 10th. After completing your graduation program, you can opt for the two year masters program in engineering. Those who are interested in further studies, can opt for the PhD program. Top colleges offering mechanical engineering education in India are-

1= All IITs

2= All NITs

3= Indian School of Mines

4= PSG College of Technology

5= Thapar University

6= College of Engineering, Pune

Job prospects

1= Civil engineering=> There is a high demand of civil engineers in India and it is only going to rise in a near future as the country is ready to upgrade its infrastructure. The career also offers a galore of opportunities in different government departments. Civil engineers are employed in all major construction projects. There are immense opportunities exist in the private sector also. At last, you can start your own engineering consultancy.

Companies hiring civil engineers are-

1= Larsen & Toubro Ltd.

2= Jaypee Group

3= Tata Projects

4= Gammon India

5= National Highway Authority of India

6= Hindustan Construction Company

7= Airport Authority of India


You can explore opportunities in the teaching field also by becoming a professor at a leading college.

2= Mechanical engineering=> It is considered as the broadest of all engineering fields. The job opportunities are unending and abundant. Mechanical engineers are required to test, design, install and operate different machines and mechanical systems. There are opportunities exist both in government and private sector undertakings. Major industries employing engineers are automobiles, space research, aeronautics, energy and utilities, air conditioning, agriculture, bio-mechanical.

Companies hiring mechanical engineers are-

1= Bharat Electronics Limited

2= Hindustan Motors Ltd

3= Hyundai Motors India Ltd

4= TATA Motors

5= Royal Enfield Ltd

6= Addison & Co Ltd

7= Ashok Leyland Ltd

8= Axles IndiaLtd


10= Sundaram-Clayton Ltd

11= Tractor and Farm Equipment (TAFE)

12= Tube Investments of India Ltd

13= Westas Wind Technology India Pvt Ltd.

14= Jindal Steel

15= Steel Authority of India Limited (SAIL)

There are opportunities exist in the teaching field also and you can become a lecturer in a good engineering college.

Salary packages

1= Civil engineer=> On an average, a civil engineer can earn Rs 355,183 per annum. If you have completed your studies from reputed colleges, like IIT, you can earn Rs 20-30 lakh/annum.

2= Mechanical engineer=> On an average, a mechanical engineer can earn Rs 356,699 per annum. Your salary would depend on a range of factors like your skill, experience, education, etc.

In a nutshell, anyone who wants to become an engineer, should follow his area of interest. These two branches of engineering make up our world, therefore, there is a lot to choose from.

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