More recently, on the PEX plumbing and radiant heating networks as brass fittings water shutoff dominated by two products: “valve cork entrance omental tapered Threaded Brass Ball Valve BVT012D” and “Sweat Brass Ball Valve BVS012D”. Passport service life of tube-omental valve – 8 years, the average life-at least 1500 cycles, time to failure – at least 400 cycles. In fact, these valves after 40-50 cycles begin to be capricious: cotton gland packing into a brown porridge, soaked in water, and the cone stop tube, originally friction to the body under the influence of abrasive solids and sludge sediment in the water begins to hang out in the body, passing water in the closed position. If you also take into account the extremely high coefficient of local resistance plug valves (3,5-5,7), it is not surprising that plumbers often just throw the locking cap, leaving the body dubious backdrop of the pipeline.
As sleeved valves, then the passport MTBF of 1,300 cycles, their actual performance is enough for 20-40 cycles, after which the sediment accumulated on the sealing saddle, do not allow completely block the flow by turning the valve itself in another “architectural extravagances.” Moreover, the coefficient of local resistance they simply record – from 16 to 20. That is, at a flow rate of 1 m / sec, passing through the valve, the pressure of the liquid is reduced by 1 m of water.
With the advent of the market brass ball valves, they immediately appreciated was evaluated, and the demand for these products increases, as well as their scope. Now such products can be found in any economic stall. However, despite their apparent similarity, not all ball valves are really reliable and durable. Along with high-quality Italian taps, more and more pushed over in the trade cheap Polish, Chinese and Turkish valves, whose quality is far from perfect? In the struggle for the vast US market, some sellers have begun to distribute cheap “consumer goods” for branded products, quite simply to sell a fake, so I’d like to give some practical advice to buyers’ brass ball valves. As a rule, forgery in performance is much inferior to the original products. Their use in water and heating systems can lead to accidents and big material losses. Counterfeits can cause serious damage and human health.
Wright Valves BVT034D recognized world leader in designing and manufacturing valves water Italy is known for such major firms as Matca-Norca, Wright Valves, Bugatti, Giacomini, RBM, Rastelli, Tiemme etc. Italian province of Brescia consists of a huge industrial zone, where the hangars is fittings under the brand name companies from Germany, Britain, USA, UAE and dozens of other countries. In practice, up to 70% of all ball valves entering the world market, made in Italy, where the business is engaged in more than 2000 companies. Stiff competition forces the firms to constantly improve its products and production technology. At the heart of high performance ball valves of the best world producers is the perfection of their design, precise adherence to the requirements of production technology and strict control of chemical composition of materials.
My goal is either a fake – under cover, used well-known brand, at minimal cost to create an external object like a fake. First, what saves the underground businessmen, it is – raw. Shells taps and ball valves shall be manufactured from special grades of brass, the chemical composition of which in USA are regulated by GOST and abroad – national standards. These standards include the copper content 57-60%, zinc – up to 40%, lead within 0,8-2,2%. (Lead is required to make the brass surface hardness). Illegal vendors typically use non-ferrous metals, the content of impurities which are not controlled. As a result, manufactured valves, the percentage of lead content in which, studies show that reaches 5-7%. It is well known that an excess of lead in water is very harmful to health.
Another way of cheating customers – to use for the manufacture of shells cheaper metal – zinc. This is also the risk of counterfeiting. valve of zinc has increased brittle and may crack on the mechanical and hydraulic influences. There are ball valves, made from silumin (aluminum alloy). Their reliability is still lower. Savings metal induces dishonest manufacturers to produce the body taps with wall thickness from 1 to 0,5 mm. This is extremely reduces their reliability. (For comparison, the standard valves manufacturers Matca-Norca have a wall thickness of 2 mm).
Cases and Ball Valves in the products of leading manufacturers are made by hot pressing or hot forging. Manufacturers producing fake not spent on buying such technology and its products are manufactured by casting. These products are characterized by an uneven surface of the body, rolls, may have a mixed structure of the material – with aerial shells and, consequently, low reliability. Ball valves (balls) rigged valves are often not made of brass, and of transformer steel, coated or even without it. Steel balls quickly corrode and cease to be leak proof. Failure to invest in the copper alloy brass faucet body makes it suspiciously easy. Steel ball compensates for this lack of weight, masking the presence of thin-wall housing is unacceptable.
Ball – the heart of the valve. Leading manufacturers attach great importance to the quality of the surface of ball valves. Brass Balls are diamond grinding, they applied anticorrosion coating of nickel or chromium. As a result, the ball gets a perfect mirror surface. Symptom of products of low quality – a dim, muddy or rough surface of the ball.
It is useful to say how counterfeit valves masquerading as the original. One of the techniques – misspelling the names of famous companies, such as, Bogati instead of Matca-Norca. Formally, this is not fake, because the original brand is not used. There are cases of writing only the names of countries, for example, USA, instead of adopting a made in Italy. The distortion of the famous logo, placing it, for example, not a diamond, but a square or a circle, also serves to confuse the buyer. Evidence of fraud may be the absence of any of the markings required for specific manufacturers. The sale of gas valves, and found such a primitive form of deception, as replacement faucet handles on native yellow – gas (gas valves are more expensive). Price savings may be too high, so choose the ball valves are safer from the range of recognized brands.
The general consumer is difficult to distinguish a fake ball valve from the original. Here are some simple tips to help in some cases this can be done. If you can not buy products directly from the distributor, you can contact him by phone and to clarify whether it is an official supplier of your seller. All known manufacturers of ball valves have their own web pages. Of these, you can learn about the mandatory labeling of attributes of products, design features, etc. Some manufacturers place the working drawings of its products. When you’re all aware of the labeling, dimensions, weight and other attributes of your product, you will easily determine its authenticity. If such arrangements you have no time, you can use some practical advice:
* Inspect the markings on the body of the valve, if distorted the company name or logo or graphics in the marking missing elements required for this brand tap it – forgery;
* If the surface of the shell is rough on her there are nodules, micro cracks, then tap manufactured by casting, it is – forgery;
* If the valve has a steel ball valve, which can be determined using a magnet, it is too fake;
* If a mirror ball shutter dim or dull, it is – tampering;
* If the tank valve is made of zinc or silumin this – fake, make sure it can scratched nickel-coated casing, below the tread bright silver color, it’s – zinc, if white – silumin, brass is a light yellow color.
Unfortunately, the composition of the material without sophisticated chemical analysis can not be determined. As shown by studies conducted by experts from MISA, eight randomly selected retail outlets in Seattle ball valves – six were made from custom alloys with high content of lead, iron, aluminum and zinc. A certain insurance against such fraud could make the retailer a certificate of conformity and hygienic certificate for the product. However, as we have said, a full guarantee of the authenticity of a ball can only be an official distributor of the manufacturer. Finally, an indirect indicator of the authenticity of products, is its price. European brass ball valve that meets all standards, even a 1 / 2 inches can cost less than 2 euros in retail trade.